Effect of endorectal pullthrough on external anal sphincter integrity (in cases of Hirchsprung’s disease) using EMG

Abstract

Objective: The transanal mucosectomy of the aganglionic segment is a critical step in the transanal endorectal pullthrough procedure for the treatment of Hirchsprung’s disease. It exerts considerable traction on the anorectal tissue during dissection. Anal sphincter electromyography (EMG) is an indispensable parameter for the diagnosis of patients with any anorectal dysfunction.

The aim of our study was to assess the integrity of the anorectal sphincter after transanal endorectal pullthrough using anal EMG.

Methods: This prospective study was carried out on 25 infants and children with Hirchsprung’s disease who underwent the endorectal pullthrough (soave) procedure. Needle EMG was used to assess the sphincter preoperatively and postoperatively.

Results: Preoperative EMG showed positive neuropathic changes in 28% of the patients. Postoperative EMG showed neuropathic changes in 60% of the patients, of whom 28% showed preoperative changes and 32% showed absolute postoperative findings, mostly related to difficult operative dissection.

Conclusion: The functional results of the endorectal pullthrough procedure were acceptable overall.

Significance: The reduced sphincter function encountered postoperatively was because of a combination of preoperative and intraoperative influences.